Osteoarthritis is a joint disease that mostly affects cartilage. Cartilage is the slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint. Healthy cartilage allows bones to glide over each other. It also helps absorb shock of movement. In osteoarthritis, the top layer of cartilage breaks down and wears away. This allows bones under the cartilage to rub together. The rubbing causes pain, swelling, and loss of motion of the joint. Over time, the joint may lose its normal shape. Also, bone spurs may grow on the edges of the joint. Bits of bone or cartilage can break off and float inside the joint space, which causes more pain and damage.
People with osteoarthritis often have joint pain and reduced motion. Unlike some other forms of arthritis, osteoarthritis affects only joints and not internal organs. Rheumatoid arthiritis– the second most common form of arthritis — affects other parts of the body besides the joints. Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis.
Our Rheumatologist has a wealth of experience caring for men and women undergoing osteoarthritis. Our specialist deal mainly with clinical problems involving joints, soft tissues, auto immune diseases, vaculitis, and heritable connective tissue disorder.
Doctors often combine treatments to fit a patient’s needs, lifestyle, and health. Osteoarthritis treatment has four main goals:
Osteoarthritis treatment plans can involve: